International Journal of Academic Health and Medical Research (IJAHMR)
  Year: 2022 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 11 | Page No.: 27-30
Incidence of Human Hydatid Disease in Iraq: A Review. Download PDF
Nadham Kadham Mahdi, Mustafa Sadic Al-Kahazza, Hala Nadhim Kadhim, Eman Adnan Al-Kamil

The incidence history for hydatid disease among Iraqi population is reviewed. The distribution of the disease is mentioned in different communities. The incidence rates are also illustrated in relation to age and occupation. Hydatid disease is the most common infection in Iraq. Thus, Iraq is endemic for the disease. It is zoonotic disease and dogs, foxes and wolves are the definitive hosts where the Echinococcus granulosus live in the small intestine. It is a public health problem. Transmission can occur by contact with infected dogs, soil, water or unclean green vegetables contaminated with eggs of the parasite. The disease might lead to a serious pathological effects or even would interfere with normal functions of human organ. The hydatid cyst could occur in any part of the human body except the nail. The cost of chemotherapy and surgical operation is high. Therefore, implantation of a national control program is essential to apply. The control measures would include proper inspection for carcasses of slaughtered domestic animals, eradication of the stray dogs and periodical anthelminthic treatment for domestic dogs.