International Journal of Academic Health and Medical Research (IJAHMR)
  Year: 2022 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 11 | Page No.: 42-50
The Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) Model Survey on Anthelmintic Management, and highly prevalent diseases In the South Gezira, Sudan (2019-2022) Download PDF
Abubakr Ammar M. A. Elsunni, Adam Dawood, Ghareeb Allah. Elobeid and Azhari Mohammed. H. Hassan

Background: Gastrointestinal nematodes, which affect small ruminants, are very important problems that adversely affect animal resources in Tropics and Sub-Saharan areas hence, increasing the margin of poverty, especially in the rural communities. Objectives: The study was conducted to evaluate the consequences of endogenous knowledge of animal keepers about the uses of Anthelmintic (Ivermectin, Tetramizole, Levamisole, and Albendazole) in the goats, this is together in line with the occurrence of GIN nematodes infection in goats among different seasons. The surveyed population comprised 25 Respondents to collect information about the misuse of some anthelmintic (Albendazole Ivermectin, Tetramizole, and levamisole), especially in drug administration frequency and its influence on drug's efficacy and resistance. Also to know the highly prevalent diseases throughout the year. Results The outcomes of the existing study disclosed that 20% of the Respondent was using Albendazole Ivermectin, Tetramizole, and levamisole for two to three intervals or more in the different seasons. The efficacy of these drugs was found to be higher in the second administration but was very low in the third one. This indicated that some sensitive (GINs) worm's development acquired resistance to those drugs. These consequences might furthermore provide epidemiological data on (GINs) infections. Conclusions and Recommendations: The study concluded that (GINs) infection is highly prevalent in the tested areas of the locality. Therefore, the study abstracted that Haemonchus spp is the most predominant parasite identified. More studies must be conducted to study the (GINs) at molecular intensity using candidate anthelmintic resistance associated with gene expression and sequence polymorphisms